Tuesday, 8 December 2015

Preparing the shiftting from Fossil Energies

Preparing the shiftting from Fossil EnergiesThere is no doubt that the available hydrocarbon’ energies won’t disappear soon; nevertheless the era of abundant and cheap energy will not last long. All countries have to consider alternate sources of energy. And since renewable energy is supposed to positively impact the environmental issues, its quest should become the priority. Conscious of the need to take part in the fight against the climatic change, Algeria has the concern of the sustainable development and implements from her side. Algeria pursues an active role within the global mobilization for environmental protection and the promotion of sustainable development. Endowed with significant resources of renewable energies and particularly solar and wind energies, for which the country has several sites among the most promising in world, Algeria has long delayed the use of more pollutant energies, like shale gas and shale oil, or the nuclear energy. Its governmental energy strategy is based on an uneasy arbitrage between energy resources’ exploitation, environment and sustainable development.  

In this context, the building of a nuclear plant has been postponed to 2029, while the country reiterated its preference to increasing the share of renewable energy in its total supply to 30% by 2020 with a target of 22 GW of new capacity. To achieve this, it has developed a specific and progressive strategy. Algeria will invest up to $60 billion by 2030 to support the move, financed by taxation on income from oil exports. The strategy aims also, basically, to develop genuine self-sustainable solar local industry. And the main focus will be the development of solar energy.

Indeed, Algeria has the largest long term land potential for concentrating solar thermal power plants in the Mediterranean region. The Energy Plan forecasts that solar electricity production will increase up to 37% of total national electricity production by 2030.   The Government of Algeria sees ideal opportunities of combining Algeria’s richest fossil energy source – the natural gas – with Algeria’s most abundant renewable energy source – the sun – by integrating concentrating solar power into natural gas combined cycles. Incentive premiums and strong partnership with foreign actors are required so that Algerian plants may help deliver green energy to Europe.

As said above, Algeria’s national renewable energy program is aimed to install 22 GW of renewable energy capacity in Algeria by 2030, of which 12 GW will be intended to meet the domestic electricity demand and, under certain conditions, 10 GW destined for export. It is expected that about 30-40% of the electricity produced for domestic consumption will be from solar and other energiesby 2030. To bring these plans to reality, and to enhance the participation of the private sector - both local and international - the New Energy Algeria Company, a subsidy of Sonatrach is developing solar, wind, biomass, and photovoltaic energy production alternatives.  

Algeria has seen ideal opportunities of combining its natural gas with the most abundant renewable energy source – the sun – by integrating concentrating solar power into natural gas combined cycles. In 2011, a 150 MW Integrated Solar Combined Cycle (ISCC) power plant, which includes 25 MW of solar capacity, has started entering in production. The plant, located in HassiR’Mel, is composed of a conventional combined cycle and a solar field with a nominal thermal power of 95 MWth. The goal of this project was to integrate the solar thermal technology in a conventional power plant. This combined use reduces the cost and facilitates the deployment of renewable energies in new industrializing countries. Read More...

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