Monday, 14 December 2015

Science & Technology: Enlightenment, Wisdom & Virtue

Science & Technology: Enlightenment, Wisdom & VirtueTechnology brings the excitement
Technology brings the excitement Keeping calm and quiet is not certainly pushing the world forward. And here comes the appropriate approach. Technology brings the enthusiasm, helps look into the future, and make us brave enough to try to shape it. Scientific and technological quest is known to be an extraordinarily effective catalyst for social development and economic growth as it authorizes not only the individual but the society and the country at large. Economists acknowledge that in the developing global knowledge economy, returns on science and technology are likely the single greatest cause of the long-term rise in economic advancement of countries; policies that lead to broad investments in science education and innovation can thus help reduce inequality while expanding economic opportunity through empowerment and job creation.  

Many developing countries have yet to take advantage from the promises which science, technology and innovation holds. The science, technology and IT base it has shaped since India’s independence has grown multifold and has put India on the global map of leading nations in S&T. A sector of contemporary implication is technology, a sector which holds a great deal of potential for future connections between India and African countries. As a part of Africa’s science policy, the continent has been looking to drive science as an instrument for economic growth and development. India has been looking to absolutely contribute through both the transfer of technology and the sharing of technical knowledge. To this end, the India-Africa Forum Summit has laid the groundwork for cooperation in this field. The Pan-African e-Network signifies an exclusive product of technical cooperation between India and Africa at a multilateral pan-African level.  

Captivatingly, Morocco has exhibited the most progress between 2001 and 2011, according to the new rankings of Science and Technology Index. The recently released Index’s new ranking was advanced by RA ND Science and Technology for the World Bank. It noted that while African nations are still far behind and most remain near the bottom of the list, Morocco has significantly advanced the rankings by 2011. Out of the African nations in the original RA ND index, South Africa came on top, followed by Egypt, while Tunisia ranked 3rd. On the opposite end, Mozambique, Chad and Eritrea landed at the bottom.   Recently, in the month of June this year, South Africa and India have renewed an agreement to extend cooperation in the field of social innovation, astronomy, agriculture, biotechnology and indigenous knowledge systems for the next three years. Relations between the two sides in science and technology dates back to 1995, when they signed a bilateral agreement.

The instrument to implement this agreement is a programme of cooperation, which is renewed every three years. The Fourth Programme of Cooperation was signed during the 10th Joint Committee meeting on Science and Technology Cooperation, which was attended by senior officials from both countries recently.   The Pan-African e-Network stands out because of its exclusive nature of being a symbol of development cooperation in the information age. The project has synergised Africa’s core development issues with India’s core strengths in its IT industry and human resource base. The project also allows for a stronger podium for India to project its soft power across the continent. During the India-Africa Forum Summit in New Delhi in 2008, Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh pledged substantial support for Africa, including the pronouncement of Africa-India Science & Technology Initiative as a central component of regional development and integration.

Department of Science & Technology in partnership with the Ministry of External Affairs and the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FICCI ) have broadly delineated the contours of its collaborative engagements in consultation with the African Union. These include organizing India Africa Ministerial S&T Conference, strengthening of three S&T institutions in Africa, technology transfer of appropriate technologies, training and provision of C V Raman Fellowships. The objective of this Fellowship is to furnish opportunity for African researchers to conduct collaborative research in various areas of science and technology in different Indian universities and R&D institutions under guidance of host scientists in India. The programme permits such African researchers to progress their own research capabilities while contributing to the progress of research in India. Read More...

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