Monday, 1 February 2016

Does India & Africa Deserve a Permanent UNSC Seat?

Does India & Africa Deserve a Permanent UNSC Seat?Let us have a fair understanding about what the UNSC- United Nations Security Council really is and what its purposes are. As the name suggests the Security Council has the charge to intervene in civil wars and resolve conflicts among nations. Thus if the member nations deem indispensable, the UN will take action against the government of any nation and has the power to disassemble the nation's authority structure.   The Security Council takes the chair in deciding the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a quarrel to resolve it by peaceful means and indorses methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to enforcing approvals or even permit the use of force to maintain or re-establish international peace and security.  

The Security Council also urge to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the entry of new Members to the United Nations. And, together with the General Assembly, it selects the judges of the International Court of Justice.   Interestingly India has been trying and urging to reform the UNSC for many years now. With improved economic prospects for India and as a huge military power with an accountable and significant role in South Asia, India's probabilities are optimistic.   Moreover, Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said it was “inconceivable” and “incomprehensible” that India and the African continent do not have a permanent representation in the elite club and that both need to work to remove this “anomaly”. She lamented that Africa despite being the largest continent in terms of number of the countries and India, which has one-sixth of the world’s population, still don’t have permanent membership of the UNSC.  

“A major issue in this context is that of UN Security Council reforms. The Security Council continues to be representative of a world order of 1945. It is inconceivable that the Security Council today does not have any permanent representation from Africa which is the largest continent in terms of number of countries. “It is also incomprehensible that India which represents almost one-sixth of world’s population and has all credentials to be a permanent member of the Security Council, is still out of it. We all need to work together to remove this anomaly and media has an important role in this.”   UNSC has a few temporary members and five permanent members. The temporary members get a term of two years each. The five permanent members are China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.  

The permanent members have a veto power over all the verdicts of the UNSC. What does this denote? This confirms that no big decision is taken which will make a powerful country unhappy. This veto power assists well to the five members as it helps them protect their interests. The point is that the veto power and respect a nation gets from a place on the Security Council permanent membership is important.   As a nation develops and assimilates itself into the world economy on a larger scale, it is progressively imperative for it to protect its interests abroad. India, with its booming economy and a determined private business sector, is investing huge amounts of money in every continent. From Afghanistan, Australia, Middle East to many African nations, India has substantial economic, strategic and cultural interests to protect. Read More.....

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