Monday, 15 February 2016

Solar Power: Africa's Energy solution

Solar Power: Africa's Energy solutionAfrica offers predominantly good environments for harnessing solar power thanks to enormously high sunlight radiation levels in many African countries. As Africa continues to renovate, solar energy is evolving as a key element in powering growth.

With the menace of global warming, and the steady reduction of petroleum supplies, it is likely to ask "why we don't use more solar energy?" African economies may be thriving, but constant growth and quality of life are at risk with the lack of power. The rural necessity for sustainable economic growth and an ever-increasing supply of energy is conceivably most marked in Africa. But there's one thing that the continent has in abundant supply: sunshine.

Bonnie Raitt has rightly said, “Solar power is the last energy resource that isn't owned yet - nobody taxes the sun yet.” As Africa continues to revolutionize, solar energy is developing as a key element in powering this growth. Presently, scientists, environmentalists and aid workers all agree that solar-powered energy has the prospective to transmute Africa and help lift it out of poverty. Africa's abundance of sunshine makes it a potentially major participant in the production of solar energy. The clean technology can help control climate change as well as offer the continent a chance to fight poverty.

It’s significant to note that a person in Europe or North America uses 11,000 kilowatt-hours per year on average (much of it through industrial processes), while a person in Sub-Sahara Africa uses only 137kWh - less than a typical American refrigerator uses in four months. More than 600 million people in Africa have no access to electricity at all. According to figures from the International Energy Agency, 59 per cent of the population of Africa has no access to electricity.

Existing development trends indicate that by 2030 almost 600 million people will still lack access to electricity across rural Africa. Though, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) experts believe the continent's renewable energy resources have the potential to support future national economic growth and local development. Power grids in rural Africa presently tend to be powered by diesel generator sets often running 24 hours every day. While relatively cheap to buy, speedy to install and simple to use, diesel gensets burn a lot of fuel, push out CO2and require a lot of refuelling and maintenance. Rising diesel prices and environmental concerns are consequently driving grid operators to reconsider their offering and reduce emissions.

The Sun Continent
Africa is often deliberated and denoted as the "Sun continent" or the continent where the Sun's effect is the greatest. According to the "World Sunshine Map", Africa receives many more hours of bright sunshine during the course of the year than any other continent of the Earth: all the sunniest places on the planet lie there. Read more....


Post a Comment