Wednesday, 13 April 2016

Stading in harmony for Nuclear Security

Stading in harmony for Nuclear SecurityA WORLD FREE OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
The 2016 Nuclear Security Summit accomplished new international pledges that will mend the nuclear risk viewpoint for the coming years. It also leaves strong security gaps that impede the development made so far. The lineup of world leaders at the summit directs that most African Heads of State gave it a miss. Nigerian President Buhari and Gabonese President Ali Bongo were the only African leaders at the Nuclear Summit.    

The menace of nuclear and radiological terrorism remains one of the utmost challenges to international security, and the threat is continually growing. U.S. President Barack Obama convoked more than 50 world leaders in Washington anticipating that international progress on one of his long-standing policy urgencies, limitation, would live longer than his administration. The fourth and final in a sequences of summits basically envisioned to augment the safety and control of fissile materials - in particular, extremely enriched uranium and plutonium - this year’s meeting has showed action plans for the five main international organizations and initiatives working to safeguard nuclear and radiological materials. Even though the four nuclear security summits held at the U.S. President Obama’s initiative since 2010 have shaped extraordinary legacy in consolidating the security of dangerous materials around the world, much more remains to be done to make the mankind safer in the face of a threat of nuclear disasters.    

President Obama in his Prague annotations recognized the risk of nuclear terrorism as the most instant and dangerous threat to global security, and he called for an all-inclusive effort to protect all susceptible nuclear materials in four years. He also underlined the need to break up black markets, detect and intercept materials in transit, and use financial tools to dislocate illegal trade in nuclear materials. The summit also adopted a number of other documents, including the Action Plan in Support of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, the Nuclear Security Summit 2016 Action Plan in Support of the United Nations and a Joint Statement on Sustaining Action to Strengthen Global Nuclear Security.    

Nuclear weapons are, basically, the most extensively brutal weapons ever designed, and the only ones capable of destroying life on this planet. There is only one other global policy issue slightly comparable in terms of its influence on planetary survivability, and that is climate change: but nuclear bombs can kill us a lot faster than CO2. It is almost impossible to enumerate the likelihood of nuclear attack by rebel groups. But approximately 2000 metric tons of nuclear weapons usable materials - extremely enriched uranium and separated plutonium - are present in both civilian and military programs, and we know that terrorists have the intent and the capability to turn these raw materials into a nuclear device if they were to gain access to them. A terrorist attack with an improvised nuclear device would create political, economic, social, psychological, and environmental havoc around the world, no matter where the attack occurs. The threat is global, the impact of a nuclear terrorist attack would be global, and the solutions consequently must be global. Read more....


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